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New Observations on the Prehistory of West Anatolia in the Light of the Findings at Afyonkarahisar Üçin Settlement
Özdemir Koçak – Mustafa Bilgin
The archaeological surveys conducted with the provincial borders of Afyonkarahisar between 2002-2012 suggest that the number of the Neolithic and Chalcolithic settlemens is substantially higher than we expected. The geographical formations within inland mid-western Anatolia are the most important element impacting its cultural situation. The region contains large and small plains that are divided by the mountain chains. The Şuhut district, where we have carried out our research, is located in the southern part of the region and has natural extensions to the Lakes region. The İçikli-Üçin settlement is an important center that represents the early cultures of this region. This settlement is regarded as a plateau settlement and located on a point that can reach the Çay district or the Lakes region either through Afyon-Dinar or the mountainous region. The largest part of the pottery that has been found can be dated to the ECA. Its decorations with light or dark reddish brown or dark reddish brown on white or cream coat are dominant. An important amount of the decorations belong to bowls and ceramics, and the decorations are mostly shaped with triangles, interlocked lozenges, vertical line sets or concentric semicircles. A figurine found in the Üçin settlement is an important find for plastic arts in this area. This figurine along with the figurines brought from İçikli village and the Çay Devederesi region are now displayed in the Afyonkarahisar Museum. They represent a tradition belonging to inland mid-western Anatolia. We see the closest examples of such figurines in examples from the Beycesultan and Lakes regions. These findings contribute to our understanding of the cultures of mid-western Anatolia.

Prof. Dr. Özdemir Koçak,
Selçuk Üniversitesi, Edebiyat Fakültesi,
E-posta: ozdekocak@hotmail.com

Arkeolog Uzm. Mustafa Bilgin,
Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Arkeoloji Bölümü,
Kınıklı Kampüsü- Denizli
E-posta: bilgin_arke@yahoo.com

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