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Nihal Tüner Önen
The present article presents new epigraphic evidence from the 2012 surveys in the city and environs of Phaselis regarding the arrangements around Hadrian’s Arch in Phaselis. Two of these inscriptions are dedicatory inscriptions to Sabina and Matidia, Hadrian’s wife and mother-in-law respectively. Another inscription is a piece of the dedicatory inscription on the architrave blocks of the arch and verifies the work of previous years. While the article deals with the above-mentioned inscriptions, it also investigates the two extensive journeys of Hadrian in the eastern Mediterranean, particularly the section covering Lycia-Pamphylia.

The work starts with an introduction to the proclamation of Hadrian as the Roman emperor and the state policy he pursued thereafter. Within this frame, information is given on the two journeys to the empire’s provinces in the years A.D. 121-125 and 128-132 that he made to inspect the provinces and maintain the status quo. The date when the emperor stopped at the southern coast of Asia Minor is discussed, and the contribution from the inscriptions of Phaselis to this discussion is presented. For this purpose, the epigraphic evidence from Perge, Attaleia and Phaselis is also examined. Conclusive evidence for the emperor’s visit to this region in the course of his first travel comes mainly from Perge. The evidence from Attaleia is not as solid as that from Perge. Phaselis does not have any evidence regarding the first journey. All three cities provide us with solid evidence for the emperor’s visit to Lycia and Pamphylia in the course of his second journey. Phaselitan inscriptions both published previously and found recently as well as the date recorded on the dedicatory inscription on the architrave blocks indicate that the Phaselitans prepared for the second visit of the emperor. The find spots of the inscriptions and the fact that the gate inscription faces the sea suggest the emperor arrived in the city by sea and landed at the south harbor. The empress Sabina, still alive then, would have accompanied him and visited Phaselis as well.

Yrd. Doç. Dr. Nihal Tüner Önen,
Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Edebiyat Fakültesi,
Eskiçağ Dilleri ve Kültürleri Bölümü,
Kampus, 07058 Antalya
E-mail: nihaltuner@akdeniz.edu.tr

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