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Eine neue Widmungsinschrift des Statthalters Valerius Diogenes für Konstantin den Großen aus dem pisidischen Antiochia
Mehmet Oktan – Gülcan Şaroğlu
A Latin inscription from Antioch, the capital of Pisidia, constitutes the scope of the present article. Pisidia was made a separate province under the diocesis Asiana by Galerius Valerius Maximianus, Augustus of the eastern part of the Roman Empire, within the frame of reforms to divide very large provinces to facilitate administration. The inscription was uncovered in the course of 2011 campaign of excavations, and it concerns the dedication of a statue of Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Augustus of the western part of the Roman Empire, by Valerius Diogenes, the first and best-known governor of Provincia Pisidia. Unlike the numerous fragmentary inscriptions at Antioch from the time of Governor Valerius Diogenes, this one has survived intact. It also has a formula different from other dedications to Constantinus Magnus across the empire. The term of Governor Valerius Diogenes overlaps with the years of a power struggle in the empire. That a statue was dedicated to the Augustus of the West in the cardo maximus of the city is a good example for fast adaptation of provincial governors to the changes in the central authority. This inscription further reveals that another problematic inscription recovered in two fragments in Hisarardı, a quarter of Antioch then, concerning another statue dedication, needs additional completion.

The inscription does not yield a clear date. Nevertheless, the relations between Constantinus Magnus, Valerius Licinianus Licinius and Galerius Valerius Maximinus suggest some evidence for dating. Thus, this inscription must belong to the second half of A.D. 313, when Augustus Galerius Valerius Maximinus of the dioceses of Pontica, Asiana and Oriens was defeated by the other Augustus, Valerius Licinianus Licinius, and Maximinus Daia lost his life. Therefore, this inscription also shows that Valerius Diogenes remained in his position until the end of the year 313 although it was expected that he would be removed from office immediately with the death of Galerius Valerius Maximinus. For he followed a policy different from that of the remaining two Augusti, Constantinus Magnus and Valerius Licinianus Licinius.


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