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Patara Dark Age Pottery
Tarkan KAHYA*

In this study, the earliest painted ceramic finds from Patara, a city in southeastern Anatolia, in the region, which was called Lycia and the capital of Lycia during the Hellenistic period, are introduced. The fragments were selected from among the other numbered similar examples, as they can be dated. The pieces that are dated from the Late Protogeometric to the Archaic period are presented together, in order to explain the ceramic tradition in Patara and show that the history of the city goes back to the end of the 10th century. All of the pieces have been found at the excavations in Tepecik Necropolis. The material, which according to reports came from the last layer of the Necropolis, is presented here chronologically, and in groups that have been made according to this chronology. The pieces mostly belonged to the closed vessels. The ones from the Protogeometric period carry concentric circles, which are well known in Attica, and tongue motifs, which are popular especially in the Dodecanese. Others, dated to the Geometric period, have concentric circles and bands, which are still in the Protogeometric tradition as at the Ionian and Carian workshops. The continuity of circle decoration, the absence of dark ground and the meander motif in the Geometric period is important, because it indicates the indirect influence of Attica in Protogeometric was increased. Beside, the hanging semi-concentric circles and other evidence show that Patara, which did not have direct relation with Attica, had clear relations with the Islands. Some almost wholly preserved vases, dated to the Late Geometric and the Archaic periods are useful in formal comparisons as they show, in their decoration styles and forms, the continuity of the relations with the Anatolian workshops. The ceramics dated from the Protogeometric to the Archaic and associated with the workshops in the Islands, in Caria, Ionia, and continental Greece shows us the centers that Patara was connected through to its harbor. These finds also show the existence of habitation from the Late Protogeometric period onwards. Lycian and Patara's ceramic style will be further clarified in forthcoming excavations.

*Tarkan Kahya, Suna - İnan KIRAÇ Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Enstitüsü, Barbaros Mah. Kocatepe Sok. No:25 Kaleiçi, 07100-Antalya.

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