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Development of Ancient Settlements in Cilicia

The aim of this article is to reflect the geographical conditions (not only the landscape but also the stone material, which prepare background for the formation of urbanisation), historical reasons and the chronological sequence which influence the character of settlements and their city-planing. It is known that rulers made architectural constructions as a part of their propaganda. In the Hellenistic period, we can observe kings using such activities as a way for a connection with the public. Selfrepresentation seems to be the leading motivation. Undoubtedly this tradition influenced Roman attitudes. Examples of hellenistic civil and military settlements as well as Roman cities have been selected to demonstrate the development of urbanisation in Cilicia. But the Hellenistic cities are either not preserved well enough or they were not founded in an outstanding way because the struggle between the Seleucids and the Ptolemies never found an end so that a long term stay could have been planned. Things were change with the arrival of the Romans. We can now talk about a consequent urbanisation in Cilicia. This had to do with politics of the Roman empire. While the Hellenistic settlements were laid primarily for military, trade, and religious purposes, the Roman cities reflect a more civic character with developed infrastructure. Surely, the improvements in engineering and long lasting peace were the major advantages of the Romans.

*Prof. Dr. Serra Durugönül, Mersin Üniversitesi, Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Arkeoloji Bölümü, 33342, Çiftlikköy Kampüsü, Mersin.

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